File Format


The most known out of all the files. JPEG compresses files quickly in the camera resulting in a loss of quality and detail. They are made to store as many images as possible on a memory card.


Most commonly used industry standard file format. These files are usually uncompressed and offers extensive post- processing.


Raw files are mostly available on advanced combat cameras and DSLRs and is the best option if you want to get the best file. Raw files are compressed using a process that retains all its base information.

DNG(digital negative)-

The DNG, a file format created by adobe. It was an attempt to create a standard file format across all manufacturers and cameras. DNGs means you can store your RAW files as DNG files so you’ll be able to access them at any time.


Originally designed as a GIF improvement file format PNG files are suitable for use on the internet. A major strength of the PNG file format is that they are compressed in a lossless file format.


Similar the PNGs, GIFs ideal use is also for the internet.GIF also sports Lossless file format meaning image quality is not sacrificed. GIF is not the best file type is not the best for photos but best for photos that have minimal color schemes because the GIF files have a maximum of 256 color palettes.


A lossless file format that was developed by Microsoft. Initially for use on windows but is now on MAC programs. BMPs have large file sizes because color data in saved in each individual pixel on the image without compression.


PSD is the file type that Adobe Photoshop uses as a default to save photos. PSD allows for manipulation on specific individual layers instead of on the main image itself.

Camera Modes

Automatic mode-

Automatic mode is a camera mode most if not all camera users are familiar with. Automatic mode is your camera itself selecting the ISO, Shutter speed, the Aperture, white balance, focus and flash based on the environment you are taking your pictures in. Most of the time using this mode will result in great photo shoots.

Portrait Mode-

When you have Portrait mode selected the shot will come out wider and larger and the aperture will be in smaller settings. Portrait mode works best when you’re shooting a single subject while close up.

Macro Mode-

Macro mode lets you move closer to your subject to take a close up photo. Macro mode is really good for taking photos of really small items or creatures like rocks, flowers and plants, and ants.

Landscape Mode-

Using the Landscape mode is good for taking pictures with a wide scene such as mountains and city landscapes. Landscape mode utilizes a small aperture so it can get all of the shot in the frame.

Sports Mode-

Using sports mode is ideal for capturing a moving photo such as in sports like football or basketball like the name implies or even moving objects such as pets, people, vehicles, or waterfalls. A good technique for using the Sports mode feature is to focus on the area which your subject will be in when you snap the photo.

Night Mode-

Using the night mode is a fun mode too create interesting shots. Night mode is best utilized in low light settings like at night or inside dark places. Something to note when using this mode is that the background will probably be blurred so its best to use a tripod with this setting if you’re concerned with background image.

Movie Mode-

Movie mode is a newer mode in the camera in our phones. It can capture still pictures yes but its main function is to capture moving pictures with sound as well basically a video image in time.

Aperture Priority Mode (A or AV)-

This mode in your camera mainly focuses on aperture as in the name aperture priority mode. This mode is considered semi-automatic because you can choose the aperture in the camera and the camera chooses the rest of the settings to make sure you have a balanced shot.

Shutter Priority Mode-

Shutter priority mode is like aperture priority mode where you can choose the shutter speed and all the other settings are chosen by the camera. For shoots for things such as sports it would be good to choose a fast shutter speed while if you want to capture the moment blur it would be wise to use a slow shutter speed.

Program Mode (p)-

Program mode is comparable to Auto mode, but it gives you control over some controls such as ISO or white balance. Only some digital cameras will have this mode as most cameras have the likely Auto mode.

Fully Manuel Mode-

As you probably guessed Fully Manuel Mode gives you full control over your camera. It gives you complete flexibility of your camera but it is recommended to have practice with the other mode as it gives you an idea of what they do.

Alternative Camera Angles

The first thing that captured me about this mysterious photo is its unique camera angle. What makes this camera Angle so unique is that its a low angle basically touching the ground. Another thing that really captured me with this photo is that it has such a dark tone like on a Halloween night. The trees themselves has a creepy and low tone when you look at them for the first time. The sky blue in the background really makes the creepy trees more dramatic than they truly are and its a truly nice touch on them.





Conceptual Self portrait














The word “conceptual” means an idea that was made but does not yet exist. That’s what I think the word means at least. I also think conceptual can mean a thought that resides in your mind. When I hear the word concept, I think of storyboard workers that is thinking of ideas for the next episode of a TV show. When you look at the photo, I took it looks like a lava lamp on top of an Xbox. This photo conceptually represents the idea of me that I am a very chill and laid-back person that likes to game on his off time. I tried to only get those objects in the photo so it could look simple and not be confusing. What I tried to convey through a visual sense with this photo is that I’m a pretty simple person that is easy to understand. What I want to share with the viewer is that I myself is a person that has a very calm sense about him and likes to have fun with others. I got the idea to snap a photo of my Xbox and lava lamp is that its something that stands out in my room very notably and I tried not to go overboard with a small shot. At one point of the shot I had more ideas on which angles to go for. At one point I considered taking a photo from a higher angle. I thought this would make the photo look a lot more overexaggerated. I decided to go with a long angle just so it comes out as very straight forward and easy to understand. If I’m being honest I do not play Xbox as much as I used too but it still represents what I am in a sense.

What I noticed about Cindy Sherman’s work is that its mostly self portraits. I honestly like the unique aspect of her work. I like how her self portraits include amazing and wild backgrounds. sometimes in her photos she portrays herself in a different way than normal like in one of her works she dressed up as a clown. The thing that caught me the most about her self portraits is that she uses very unique backgrounds.











Read and Write: Lenses

20 important facts about camera lenses

  • More expensive lenses uses fixed apertures
  • Wide angle lenses give a more wide expansive view
  • Wide angles should be used when prominent foreground objects are present
  • You have to be very close when using a Wide angle lens
  • Wide angle lenses are amazing in tight spaces
  • Standard lenses have ranges from 35mm to 85mm
  • Standard lenses usually cover moderate wide ranges from 24mm to 35mm
  • Standard lenses are great lenses for randomly taking pictures
  • Standard lenses are the most common type of lens
  • 18-55mm, 18-135mm, 24-105mm, 24-70mm are the most sought after standard lenses
  • “If your pictures aren’t good enough you aren’t close enough”-Robert Capa
  • Telephoto lenses compress distance and make everything appear closer.
  • Telephoto lenses can be really useful for wide landscape images that incorporate the sun or moon and overall wide background
  • Telephoto lenses are useful for shots like sports, nature or wildlife
  • To stop action without blurring you need to increase the shutter speed
  • A fast lens is usually one that has an aperture of f/4, or f/2.8 or larger
  • 1/500 to 1/1000 shutter speed is the minimum
  • The lens best for shooting small objects is a macro lens
  • if you want to get a good shot of architecture use a tilt-shift or perspective correct lens might be the best choice
  • There is a lens for every purpose

Shadows and Light




A few things I like about this photo is that it is incorporating a lot of nature in this photo. I like that while there is a high amount of shadow in this photo there is also a high amount of light.I notice that in this photo there is tall trees causing the shadows. The way the bright light bleeds out from the tall trees in the back.The forest has a light orange coloring. This picture gives me an Autumn vibe and that is something I really like about this photo. This photo makes me very relaxed when I look at this. There is high amounts of shadow when you look to the left side of the photo. There is high amounts of light on the top right side of this photo. When you look at the ground the texture is very rough because of the rocks and the terrain. In the far right you can see that the leaves are very yellow and orange.

Read and Write: What every beginner needs to know

-1.)Setting the exposure using the histogram

The histogram is used to tell if your exposure is correct. It is not completely reliable in harsh sunlight because of the harsh rays.


Shooting in Raw format will fully allow access to the full capability’s of your camera. While most cameras produce high quality jgps, yet they’re no match for the Raw camera quality. The downside of the jgps format is that its a compressed file making the Raw format better.

-3.)Selecting focus points manually

While you have the option of the camera selecting focus points for you, you also have the option of manually selecting focus points. You cant always anticipate correctly and improve focusing accuracy and recuses the chancing of missing a good photo.

-4.)Learn all AF modes

The AF modes included are One-Shot AF, Servo AF, and AI auto focus. One-Shot AF will stop refocusing once its locked onto a subject, Servo AF wont lock the focus and will constantly refocus, AI focus will auto focus to One-Shot to Servo

-5.)Aperture priority

The Aperture priority mode on your camera will vary the exposure setting depending on the aperture value you set. Having complete control over aperture means control over depth of field.

-6.)Shutter Priority

Shutter priority is similar to Aperture priority in the sense that you can completely control the Shutter speed. Fast moving objects can be shot in this mode and can be using for shooting in the dark.

-7.)Control motion Blur

Motion Blur usually comes from Shutter speed that is too slow. Every photographer has a maximum low speed they can use some may be higher than others but its mostly a question of practice.

-8.)Manuel white balance

All digital cameras have a few white balance presents. It is recommended to learn to set white balance manually.

-9.) Drive Modes

Drive modes isn’t the most important mode on the camera but you never know when you’ll need to utilize this mode. Drive mode has 3 different modes being Single shot, Continuous low, and Continuous high.

-10.) ISO

Lower ISO settings are helpful when dealing with a lot of light. Higher ISO settings are better to use in darker lights.


Auto settings are not particularly admired among photographers. Auto ISO is good for shooting hand held.

-12.) Exposure Compensation

Exposure compensation is a setting that lets you increase or decrease exposure it works for all semi automatic modes. Its best not to set it too high or too low for the first few shots and just gradually increase or decrease depending on the area.

-13.)Manuel Exposure

Learning to Control the settings on your camera is a big step on becoming a good photographer. Learning to change your Exposure settings to change up the ISO and Shutter speed is key.





I chosen this photo because of the beauty of the feathers. This photo shows amazing texture, you can really see the detail of each individual feather. There is multiple colors that compliment and help eachother.



Gallery of beautiful photo composition