The most known out of all the files. JPEG compresses files quickly in the camera resulting in a loss of quality and detail. They are made to store as many images as possible on a memory card.
Most commonly used industry standard file format. These files are usually uncompressed and offers extensive post- processing.
Raw files are mostly available on advanced combat cameras and DSLRs and is the best option if you want to get the best file. Raw files are compressed using a process that retains all its base information.
The DNG, a file format created by adobe. It was an attempt to create a standard file format across all manufacturers and cameras. DNGs means you can store your RAW files as DNG files so you’ll be able to access them at any time.
Originally designed as a GIF improvement file format PNG files are suitable for use on the internet. A major strength of the PNG file format is that they are compressed in a lossless file format.
Similar the PNGs, GIFs ideal use is also for the internet.GIF also sports Lossless file format meaning image quality is not sacrificed. GIF is not the best file type is not the best for photos but best for photos that have minimal color schemes because the GIF files have a maximum of 256 color palettes.
A lossless file format that was developed by Microsoft. Initially for use on windows but is now on MAC programs. BMPs have large file sizes because color data in saved in each individual pixel on the image without compression.
PSD is the file type that Adobe Photoshop uses as a default to save photos. PSD allows for manipulation on specific individual layers instead of on the main image itself.